Is your website found in Google?

If someone searches for your services, goods or products does your site come in the first page on search engines like google, yahoo, and msn?

Online marketing is more than just creating a nice looking website which many web developers have failed to know.

A web page which is easily ranked in search engines increase your sales thus meeting your online objectives.

Well our consultation is free in:

Website development and designing

Search engine marketing and optimization

Website hosting.

For more info visit:

How Much Should You Spend On SEO?

It’s a tough question, especially in a bad economy.

The question really begs another question – what is your goal for your site?

If you are operating it as a real business where you hope to either supplement your current income or rely on it as your sole source of income – then you need to be prepared to invest in search (it’s often the foundation of your marketing and a consistent source of regular traffic).

You can invest time or money and in most cases, you usually need to invest both.

I think there is someone out there spreading some erroneous information about starting a business online.  There is a lot of the “build it and they will come” mentality – in other words throw up a site and voila insta-business!

While in many ways, it is easier to do business online because you don’t need to set up physical stores and have a lot of the issues you have with brick and mortars, it is by no means a “sure thing” – you still have to work for your success.

Don’t get me wrong, I am not saying you shouldn’t start an online business –  I am just saying if you expect your business to grow and treat you well, then you need to treat it like a serious business.

So, yes, it will be necessary for you to invest both time and money into generating traffic.

So back to the question at hand – how much should you spend on SEO?

You need to crunch some numbers and see how many visitors it takes to get a sale and how much a sale is worth to you to really fine-tune your budget – especially if PPC is part of your plans (so many people waste money on PPC that isn’t converting – spend wisely or it can suck you dry!)

For organic SEO you will find everything from $19.99 mass submission (avoid like the plague, you may as well burn your $19.99) to tens of thousands of dollars per month.

Most small to medium sized businesses spend between $300 – $800 per month, although I’ve also heard people say numbers a little higher, like $500 – $1500 per month is the norm.  So somewhere in that range is what you should expect to pay for quality SEO work.

It always amazes me that people are annoyed they have to pay for SEO.  People will pay for a doctor or a mechanic, or even a web designer but they seem to resent having to pay for SEO.  If you have the time and knowledge, then by all means, don’t pay anyone, do it yourself.  However if you don’t have the time or knowledge, it’s a valid, and important expense and not something you should begrudge.  Driving traffic to your site is the foundation and not the area you want to go cheap.

I’m jussayin…think about your goals and think about what you are prepared to do to get there.

ICT Consultancy

Either a small, personal business or a large company, everyone needs ICT consultation.
Interestingly we offer free ICT consultation in different fields like:
• Web presence i.e. (website development/designing, registration and hosting).
• Internet marketing (Search engine ranking on Google, Yahoo, Msn etc).
• Internet Security (against hackers, viruses, secure online payment).
• Software development (company custom made software).
• Hardware requirements (computer hardware needs).
We have a highly experienced team with more than 5 years of experience in different ICT fields.
All you need to do is email us all your concerns, you can also visit us on We are open 24 hours and 7 days a week

The top 10 reasons Web sites get hacked

Experts say the people who actually build Web applications aren’t paying much attention to security; a non-profit group is trying to solve that

Web security is at the top of customers’ minds after many well-publicized personal data breaches, but the people who actually build Web applications aren’t paying much attention to security, experts say.

“They’re totally ignoring it,” says IT consultant Joel Snyder. “When you go to your Web site design team, what you’re looking for is people who are creative and able to build these interesting Web sites… That’s No. 1, and No. 9 on the list would be that it’s a secure Web site.”

The biggest problem is designers aren’t building walls within Web applications to partition and validate data moving between parts of the system, he says.

Security is usually something that’s considered after a site is built rather than before it is designed, agrees Khalid Kark, senior analyst at Forrester.

“I’d say the majority of Web sites are hackable,” Kark says. “The crux of the problem is security isn’t thought of at the time of creating the application.”

That’s a big problem, and it’s one the nonprofit Open Web Application Security Project (OWASP) is trying to solve. An OWASP report called “The Ten Most Critical Web Application Security Vulnerabilities” was issued this year to raise awareness about the biggest security challenges facing Web developers.

The first version of the list was released in 2004, but OWASP Chairman Jeff Williams says Web security has barely improved. New technologies such as AJAX and Rich Internet Applications that make Web sites look better also create more attack surfaces, he says. Convincing businesses their Web sites are insecure is no easy task, though.

“It’s frustrating to me, because these flaws are so easy to find and so easy to exploit,” says Williams, who is also CEO and co-founder of Aspect Security.  “It’s like missing a wall on a house.”

Here is a summary of OWASP’s top 10 Web vulnerabilities, including a description of each problem, real-world examples and how to fix the flaws.

1. Cross site scripting (XSS)

The problem: The “most prevalent and pernicious” Web application security vulnerability, XSS flaws happen when an application sends user data to a Web browser without first validating or encoding the content. This lets hackers execute malicious scripts in a browser, letting them hijack user sessions, deface Web sites, insert hostile content and conduct phishing and malware attacks.

Attacks are usually executed with JavaScript, letting hackers manipulate any aspect of a page. In a worst-case scenario, a hacker could steal information and impersonate a user on a bank’s Web site, according to Snyder.

Real-world example: PayPal was targeted last year when attackers redirected PayPal visitors to a page warning users their accounts had been compromised. Victims were redirected to a phishing site and prompted to enter PayPal login information, Social Security numbers and credit card details. PayPal said it closed the vulnerability in June 2006.

How to protect users: Use a whitelist to validate all incoming data, which rejects any data that’s not specified on the whitelist as being good. This approach is the opposite of blacklisting, which rejects only inputs known to be bad.

Additionally, use appropriate encoding of all output data. “Validation allows the detection of attacks, and encoding prevents any successful script injection from running in the browser,” OWASP says.

2. Injection flaws

The problem: When user-supplied data is sent to interpreters as part of a command or query, hackers trick the interpreter — which interprets text-based commands — into executing unintended commands. “Injection flaws allow attackers to create, read, update, or delete any arbitrary data available to the application,” OWASP writes. “In the worst-case scenario, these flaws allow an attacker to completely compromise the application and the underlying systems, even bypassing deeply nested firewalled environments.”

Real-world example: Russian hackers broke into a Rhode Island government Web site to steal credit card data in January 2006. Hackers claimed the SQL injection attack stole 53,000 credit card numbers, while the hosting service provider claims it was only 4,113.

How to protect users: Avoid using interpreters if possible. “If you must invoke an interpreter, the key method to avoid injections is the use of safe APIs, such as strongly typed parameterized queries and object relational mapping libraries,” OWASP writes.

3. Malicious file execution

The problem: Hackers can perform remote code execution, remote installation of rootkits, or completely compromise a system. Any type of Web application is vulnerable if it accepts filenames or files from users. The vulnerability may be most common with PHP, a widely used scripting language for Web development.

Real-world example: A teenage programmer discovered in 2002 that was vulnerable to attacks that could steal more than 200,000 customer records from the Guess database, including names, credit card numbers and expiration dates. Guess agreed to upgrade its information security the next year after being investigated by the Federal Trade Commission.

How to protect users: Don’t use input supplied by users in any filename for server-based resources, such as images and script inclusions. Set firewall rules to prevent new connections to external Web sites and internal systems.

4. Insecure direct object reference

The problem: Attackers manipulate direct object references to gain unauthorized access to other objects. It happens when URLs or form parameters contain references to objects such as files, directories, database records or keys.

Banking Web sites commonly use a customer account number as the primary key, and may expose account numbers in the Web interface.

“References to database keys are frequently exposed,” OWASP writes. “An attacker can attack these parameters simply by guessing or searching for another valid key. Often, these are sequential in nature.”

Real-world example: An Australian Taxation Office site was hacked in 2000 by a user who changed a tax ID present in a URL to access details on 17,000 companies. The hacker e-mailed the 17,000 businesses to notify them of the security breach.

How to protect users: Use an index, indirect reference map or another indirect method to avoid exposure of direct object references. If you can’t avoid direct references, authorize Web site visitors before using them.

5. Cross site request forgery

The problem: “Simple and devastating,” this attack takes control of victim’s browser when it is logged onto a Web site, and sends malicious requests to the Web application. Web sites are extremely vulnerable, partly because they tend to authorize requests based on session cookies or “remember me” functionality.  Banks are potential targets.

“Ninety-nine percent of the applications on the Internet are susceptible to cross site request forgery,” Williams says. “Has there been an actual exploit where someone’s lost money? Probably the banks don’t even know. To the bank, all it looks like is a legitimate transaction from a logged-in user.”

Real-world example: A hacker known as Samy gained more than a million “friends” on with a worm in late 2005, automatically including the message “Samy is my hero” in thousands of MySpace pages. The attack itself may not have been that harmful, but it was said to demonstrate the power of combining cross site scripting with cross site request forgery. Another example that came to light one year ago exposed a Google vulnerability allowing outside sites to change a Google user’s language preferences.

How to protect users: Don’t rely on credentials or tokens automatically submitted by browsers. “The only solution is to use a custom token that the browser will not ‘remember,'” OWASP writes.

6. Information leakage and improper error handling

The problem: Error messages that applications generate and display to users are useful to hackers when they violate privacy or unintentionally leak information about the program’s configuration and internal workings.

“Web applications will often leak information about their internal state through detailed or debug error messages. Often, this information can be leveraged to launch or even automate more powerful attacks,” OWASP says.

Real-world example: Information leakage goes well beyond error handling, applying also to breaches occurring when confidential data is left in plain sight. The ChoicePoint debacle in early 2005 thus falls somewhere in this category. The records of 163,000 consumers were compromised after criminals pretending to be legitimate ChoicePoint customers sought details about individuals listed in the company’s database of personal information. ChoicePoint subsequently limited its sales of information products containing sensitive data.

How to protect users: Use a testing tool such as OWASP’S WebScarab Project to see what errors your application generates. “Applications that have not been tested in this way will almost certainly generate unexpected error output,” OWASP writes.

Another tip: disable or limit detailed error handling, and don’t display debug information to users.

7. Broken authentication and session management

The problem: User and administrative accounts can be hijacked when applications fail to protect credentials and session tokens from beginning to end. Watch out for privacy violations and the undermining of authorization and accountability controls.

“Flaws in the main authentication mechanism are not uncommon, but weaknesses are more often introduced through ancillary authentication functions such as logout, password management, timeouts, remember me, secret question and account update,” OWASP writes.

Real-world example: Microsoft had to eliminate a vulnerability in Hotmail that could have let malicious JavaScript programmers steal user passwords in 2002. Revealed by a networking products reseller, the flaw was vulnerable to e-mails containing Trojans that altered the Hotmail user interface, forcing users to repeatedly reenter their passwords and unwittingly send them to hackers.

How to protect users: Communication and credential storage has to be secure. The SSL protocol for transmitting private documents should be the only option for authenticated parts of the application, and credentials should be stored in hashed or encrypted form.

Another tip: get rid of custom cookies used for authentication or session management.

8. Insecure cryptographic storage

The problem: Many Web developers fail to encrypt sensitive data in storage, even though cryptography is a key part of most Web applications. Even when encryption is present, it’s often poorly designed, using inappropriate ciphers.

“These flaws can lead to disclosure of sensitive data and compliance violations,” OWASP writes.

Real-world example: The TJX data breach that exposed 45.7 million credit and debit card numbers. A Canadian government investigation faulted TJX for failing to upgrade its data encryption system before it was targeted by electronic eavesdropping starting in July 2005.

Furthermore, generate keys offline, and never transmit private keys over insecure channels.

It’s pretty common to store credit card numbers these days, but with a Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard compliance deadline coming next year, OWASP says it’s easier to stop storing the numbers altogether.

9. Insecure communications

The problem: Similar to No. 8, this is a failure to encrypt network traffic when it’s necessary to protect sensitive communications. Attackers can access unprotected conversations, including transmissions of credentials and sensitive information. For this reason, PCI standards require encryption of credit card information transmitted over the Internet.

Real-world example: TJX again. Investigators believe hackers used a telescope-shaped antenna and laptop computer to steal data exchanged wirelessly between portable price-checking devices, cash registers and store computers, the Wall Street Journal reported.

“The $17.4-billion retailer’s wireless network had less security than many people have on their home networks,” the Journal wrote. TJX was using the WEP encoding system, rather than the more robust WPA.

How to protect users: Use SSL on any authenticated connection or during the transmission of sensitive data, such as user credentials, credit card details, health records and other private information. SSL or a similar encryption protocol should also be applied to client, partner, staff and administrative access to online systems. Use transport layer security or protocol level encryption to protect communications between parts of your infrastructure, such as Web servers and database systems.

10. Failure to restrict URL access

The problem: Some Web pages are supposed to be restricted to a small subset of privileged users, such as administrators. Yet often there’s no real protection of these pages, and hackers can find the URLs by making educated guesses. Say a URL refers to an ID number such as “123456.” A hacker might say ‘I wonder what’s in 123457?’ Williams says.

The attacks targeting this vulnerability are called forced browsing, “which encompasses guessing links and brute force techniques to find unprotected pages,” OWASP says.

Real-world example: A hole on the Macworld Conference & Expo Web site this year let users get “Platinum” passes worth nearly $1,700 and special access to a Steve Jobs keynote speech, all for free. The flaw was code that evaluated privileges on the client but not on the server, letting people grab free passes via JavaScript on the browser, rather than the server.

How to protect users: Don’t assume users will be unaware of hidden URLs. All URLs and business functions should be protected by an effective access control mechanism that verifies the user’s role and privileges. “Make sure this is done … every step of the way, not just once towards the beginning of any multistep process,’ OWASP advises

Driving taffic with domain names

According to Monte Cahn, the Founder and President of Moniker, finding the right domain name is key in driving traffic to your site. At SMX West in Santa Clara, Cahn talked to WebProNews about several issues surrounding domain names.

He said specifically, “It’s not all about SEO and SEM strategies, but without the right domain name, you’re really not going to be successful on the Web.”

Since there is so much talk of 301 redirects, how do people know when to use them and when to build up a domain name? Cahn says people should always use 301 redirects for various misspellings of the brand’s name.

On the other hand, he advises companies to build out subsites for their products or services. By doing this, companies can take advantage of link juice and use the links and referrals to drive SEO value.

One of the biggest mistakes brands make with domain names is not being proactive when they release new products or services. Cahn gives examples where both Microsoft and Apple released products before checking on the availability of the domain. If companies wait until after they announce their new product or service, chances are the domain name price will skyrocket.

Is your domain name driving traffic to your site?

Free Domain Transfer and Domain Pointing

Domain transfer is a process in which you can transfer your existing Domain Name from its current Domain registrar/hosting company to another Hosting company/ registrar. During this process, if the website is Live, it remains functional.

Free Domain Pointing :
If you have hosting account from us and domain registration from other company then by domain pointing you can host your website on our server.

At Webhostingafrica , we provide all our existing clients with the facility of adding more domains to the already existing hosting account. This enables them to point their multiple domains to one hosting account. And what’s more, the services are absolutely free of cost according to the package.

A few easy steps listed below would help you to activate the service :

Step 1: Take the back-up of your whole website including designing pages, E-Mail IDs and databases.

Step 2: Upload your website contents and create E-Mail IDs in our new server space through your ftp IP address and control panel..

Step 3: Finally, put our DNS (Domain Name Server) in your Domain control panel given by the billing department to point your Domain to our server.

Cheap Website Hosting & Designing Services in Africa

Cyberspro web solution company offers a full range of internet services including web hosting, web designing and development, flash, logo design, website redesign, search engine optimization(SEO) services at affordable rates.

We specialize in;
1. Static websites (Html based websites)
2. Flash based websites & presentations.
3. Dynamic websites in PHP, ASP & .Net (ASPX).
4. Database driven websites.
5. E-commerce Solutions / Online Shopping Websites.
6. Product Catalogue Websites.
8. Content Management System (CMS)

Web Hosting Africa:
African web hosting services by for your business and personal website.
Cheap and affordable Business Web hosting solutions and services to host your company web site online.
For More info Visit our website: cyberspro

Expiring of Domain Name /Domain expiration cycle


Ownership (or more precisely, control) of domain names is granted for a limited period of time, subject to the appropriate registration or renewal fees being paid. Once the owner of a domain name declines to pay the renewal fee to maintain their registration, that domain name will expire – that is, it will eventually be deleted and returned to the “pool” of unregistered names.

A domain name that is approaching its renewal date is said to be “expiring soon” and a domain name that has passed its renewal date (also known as its “expiry date” – it’s just a matter of perspective!) without the renewal fee being paid is said to have “expired”.

Once a domain name has expired and been deleted, it is available to be re-registered by anyone. It is at the exact moment of deletion that the real battle begins for the control of the newly-available names – a battle that can only have one winner.

The domain expiration cycle

The domain expiration cycle (the process in which the domain name expires, and then is made available for re-registration) differs significantly from registrar to registrar, so we will content ourselves with a detailed overview of the expiry/deletion process.

Once a domain name has passed its expiry date, a number of things happen. Firstly, the domain name is typically put on hold – that is, its name server information is deleted or modified so that the domain name no longer points to the website it is associated with. Secondly, the domain name is put in the registrar’s deletion queue for processing according to its procedures for handling expiring domains (as mentioned previously, these vary significantly from registrar to registrar

Some registrars give customers very little leeway, choosing to delete domain names within ten days of the expiry date. Others hold on to names for longer periods, typically 30 or 45 days. Still others don’t release domain names back into the pool at fixed intervals, but in large batches at irregular intervals.

To understand this process further, let’s look at the typical paths a domain name can take during its “life-cycle”:

1) A domain name is registered for a fixed period of 1-10 years

2) As the expiry/renewal date approaches, the owner of the domain name is sent one or more reminders that they must pay the domain name renewal fee

3) If the domain name owner renews the name, then the domain name returns to its status in Stage 1)

4) At the renewal date, since the domain name has not been paid for and the registration has run out, the domain name is put on hold. The domain’s nameserver information is deleted or modified to point to the registrar’s homepage or to a page explaining that the domain name in question has expired.

Another effect of the “hold” being placed upon a domain name is that the domain name is no longer transferable to another registrar (for example, one with a lower renewal fee!)

5) Most registrars have a “grace period” (sometimes detailed explicitly on their site or by email, oftentimes applied without comment) after domain names have expired.

During that grace period, the original owner of the domain name can pay to renew their domain name (and hence remove it from “on hold” status and reactivate it). Some registrars may impose an additional administrative “penalty fee” to renew domain names during their grace period. If the domain name owner renews the name during the grace period, then the name returns to Stage 1)

6) At the end of the grace period, the existing owner can no longer renew their domain name and has lost all control over it. What happens next depends on the registrar…

Some registrars will delete the name immediately following the end of the grace period. Some will hold it for a certain additional time-period before releasing it. And some will change the ownership information on the domain name so that it becomes registered to the “Unpaid Names Department” or similar, and continue to hold the name for an extended period of time before it is finally deleted..

Once a domain name has reached Stage 6), it is about to return to the domain market i.e. it will once more become available for registration. If the domain name is considered valuable, there may be many interested parties lining up to try and grab it i.e. to attempt to secure it as it is deleted.

Outsource Your Web Development

Outsource Your Web Development

Outsourcing Alternatives for Website Development.
The out-cry of management in many organizations declare internal Program Development and WEB Departments lack “core competency”.

Increasingly, organizations are looking to outsource like Cyberspro to do one or two things: replace specific internal departments completely or augment these preexisting divisions. (e.g., by taking over tier 2 development).

An accomplished programmer or developer needs to take the time to view and stress test their work. Rest assured, we have an extensive library to manage, retrofit and update your company’s web site or client server needs.

Justification Made Simple

In order for any professional organization to implement a robust intranet, extranet or secured permission-based environment, management will have to budget for a minimum 4 persons. Why not have a company like Cyberspro retained for the price of 1 solid employee?

Skill Sets and Expense

A person hired in-house may lack the experience, repetition or access to tools needed for completing a project. Often a company will hire in-house programmers or someone within the company not knowing their true skill set.

Software tools tend to be expensive. When these tools are asked for, the company who hired that person may not want to go to the extra expense, thus leaving you with a static and unproductive site or application.

What are you getting?
The value proposition is we do it all and are accountable for it all.

That’s less time wasted chasing six other vendors. Although we consider it a relationship and not a vendor-ship, Cyberspro performs the Web Design, Development, Marketing, Maintenance, Secured Hosting for a nominal monthly and Yearly fee. We’re true extension of your business. This means we have to understand your business in order to be effective. How else are we going to deliver the strategy?

That’s how we do it. Visit us today!

Think Technology, Think Cyberspro

Think Technology, Think Cyberspro

Our Services

  1. Information Technology Consultancy.
  2. Software Development.
  3. Web Solutions (Website hosting ,Domain name Registration Website Development and  Designing)
  4. Internet Security

Websites capabilities:

  • Static websites (Html based websites).
  • Flash based websites & presentations.
  • Dynamic websites (in PHP, ASP & .Net (ASPX)).
  • Database driven websites.
  • E-commerce sites/ Online Shopping and Social networking Websites.
  • Product Catalogue Websites.
  • Content Management System (CMS).

Technology specialization
We use IT programming languages and Technologies like…
C/C++, Java, VB, Pascal, SQL, HTML/DHTML, PHP, PERL, SQL Server, Oracle, MySQL, J2EE, Java WebStart, .Net, ASP, JSP, SSL, Servlets, CSS, Ajax and many more.

Cyberspro International has an integrated business-driven approach, which separates us from other typical Information Technology Companies.
With our Team of web consultants, creative, programmers and marketing professionals we Offer unforgettable products at a very cost effective rates.

Visit us today on for more information regarding Cheap website Hosting, Cheap website Designing, Software development, Search engine optimization,  IT consultation and internet security. Or Email: